Hobby Welding – What’s The Difference Between MIG, TIG, and Stick Welding

hobby welding

Hi,

I’m Garrett Strong with MakeMoneyWelding.com

So you want to learn the wonderful world of hobby welding so you can build those awesome DIY welding projects, huh?

Great because I want to share with you in this post how you can learn welding quickly & easily. I want to take you through the different welding processes, and show you which welding process is the best for beginners.

All welding processes ultimately do the same exact thing, which is to fuse 2 metals together to make one piece. However, each hobby weldingwelding process was created for a specific purpose.

The 3 main welding processes you need to know are called MIG (metal inert gas), TIG (tungsten inert gas), and Stick welding.

Each of these welding processes have a way of shielding the weld puddle from the atmosphere.

Without this shielding agent, you would end up with welds that are full of pin holes called porosity. Let’s look at how the weld puddle is shielded.

Welding Basics – What is Shielding Gas?

When you’re welding either one of 2 methods of shielding the weld will be used.

  1. Using Shielding Gas
  2. Using Flux

The welding processes that use shielding gas are TIG and MIG. TIG uses a cylinder of argon to shield the gas, whereas MIG learn mig welding online 2uses a mixture of 75% argon and 25% CO2.

You can get access to my free 4 day beginners guide to welding course if you’re serious about learning to weld as a hobby using the easiest welding process for beginners. These are great welding videos for beginners.

When you’re welding the gas will flow out of the TIG torch or the MIG gun and it will flow out at a rate fast enough to cover the weld puddle. This gas purges the area so that no oxygen or nitrogen can contaminate the weld.

The great thing about using a shielding gas is that there is no slag produced like when using flux, so you end up with a nice clean weld.

What is Flux Used For When Hobby Welding?

As we talked about, flux is the other way of shielding the weld puddle. Flux is used when welding with the stick welding process, and when using flux core wire on a MIG welder.

Flux is simply a chemical agent that burns down and creates a shielding gas. It’s the same thing as using a shielding gas, but flux creates a slag coating on top of the weld that needs to be chipped away.

Using flux is an advantage when welding outdoors because you don’t have to worry about your shielding gas blowing away in the wind.

mig buyers guideIf you’re a beginner struggling to pick your first welder you may want to download my free MIG buyers guide to give you some quick & easy advice to get started.

Click the “Like” button below to download my free report now!

Hobby Welding With A Stick Welder

The stick welding process has been around the longest out of all the arc welding processes. It’s still a very popular choice among hobbyists and industry.

diy weldingStick welding uses a long rod called an electrode. It contains the metal welding rod and it’s coated in flux.

When you strike an arc with a stick welder that welding rod burns down and creates the weld bead that you see when you look at a welded joint.

While it’s a tried and proven process, it can be undesirable for beginners to learn. Why?

  1. It can take forever to learn how to strike the arc
  2. It produces smoke
  3. You won’t pick it up as quickly

TIG Welding Isn’t So Good For Beginner’s Hobby Welding

When hobby welding you definitely don’t want to begin by buying a TIG welder.

The TIG process uses a torch that you start an arc with, and with the other hand you dip a filler rod to make the weld bead.

There is also a foot pedal you have to use to control the voltage. There are a lot of hobby welding enthusiasts who love using tig weldingthe TIG welder, but they’ve also mastered the other welding processes first.

TIG can take time to get good at, but once you’ve mastered it you can make very precise welds. You can weld metals as thin as a razor blade together.

If you tried doing that with the other welding processes you would burn right through.

MIG Welding Is The Quickest And Easiest Hobby Welding Process

When you’re trying to learn how to mig weld, you first need to know a few features of a mig welder.

MIG Welding uses a roll of wire, and the wire is fed out of the gun creating the actual weld bead. When you press the trigger and start the welding arc on a MIG welder the machine starts feeding out the wire.

You can use 2 kinds of wire when hobby welding with a MIG welder.

  1. Flux Core Wire
  2. Solid Wire

wire welderLike we talked about earlier, flux core wire uses flux as the shielding agent. It actually has the flux on the inside of the wire.

This produces slag on your welds, so if you don’t want to chip away slag then get you a C25 gas cylinder, a regulator, and some solid wire.

Solid wire is just that, it’s solid with no flux inside. You don’t need it since you have shielding gas.

I could go on, but I would rather refer you to my beginners hobby welding course if you want to learn to weld online. The mig welding course will show you in much greater depth about MIG welding and why it’s the best for beginners.

So, simply click the link or sign up below to watch my free beginner welders video course.

Let me know what you think! Please leave your comments below.

Happy Welding,

Garrett Strong

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About Garrett S.


Hi there! My name is Garrett Strong and I've been helping complete beginners learn how to weld online for several years, and I can quickly and easily teach you the welding tips and tricks you need to know. To get started simply sign up for my FREE Beginners Report and Video Course!

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Letter from Garrett Strong

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Hey Garrett Strong here. You are probably wondering, who is this guy, and how can he help me be successful at learning to weld from home?

The truth is, I'm just a normal guy like you, who decided that I wanted to be able to weld projects that will knock the socks off people and maybe even make a little cash doing it.

So I made it my mission to read every welding book I could, watch every welding video available, and teach my self all the techniques the pros use... and I did it even though I was a complete beginner.

After 5 years of trial and error and thousands of mistakes made, I can truly say I can weld any project I put my mind to and impress my friends & family with my projects.

And now I want to teach you everything I learned, and spare you all the time spent making bone-headed mistakes I made in order to learn how to hobby weld.

You can start your hobby welding training today! That's right, by signing up for my Beginners Welding Tips Newsletter you'll also get instant access to my intro to welding training right away.

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